How are new iPhones made? | CHIP

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The China Labor Watch organization published a report on September 8 in which it criticized the iPhone production conditions at the Chinese factory Foxconn. Apple refutes the allegations.

According to the authors of the report (its full content can be found on the organization's website) employees employed in "iPhone City" were forced to work after hours and at night, often without additional payment, and most of the work was done by temporary employees. However, according to Chinese law only 10 percent. crews may be employed for a specified period. And Foxconn does not pay social security for temporary employees.

The report also alleged the abuse of students who were simply forced to do an internship at the factory, regardless of their field of study. And who were also forced to work overtime and at night, which is against Chinese regulations. We are also talking about insufficient training on production safety, which has been shortened to one day. There was a charge of using verbal violence and concealing accidents.

Overtime referred to in the report is not a few or a dozen or so a month, or even 100. Although, according to the Chinese Labor Code, it cannot be more than 32 overtime hours a month. There were situations when people worked for the next thirteen days, without any time off. And even such, when in the month they had only one day off.

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The China Labor Watch report was created as a result of many years of investigation. Members of the organization were employed at the Foxconna factory in Zhengzhou. One of the people worked there for four years. According to them, at some moments particularly intensive production as much as 50 percent. the crew had fixed-term contracts and was not remunerated in any way. Another complaint is the amount of pay. The basic salary has not changed since 2015 and is around $ 295. per month (approx. PLN 1160), which is not enough for a living in Zhengzhou.

The organization also recalled the suicide of one of the temporary workers on January 6, 2018. China Labor Watch claims the reason was the lack of overtime payment. Foxconn then suggested that he was unable to pay his debts, hence the dramatic decision. It can be concluded that one definitely does not exclude the other.

Foxconn factory plan
Plan of the Foxconn factory in Zhengzhou (source: China Labor Watch)

The report echoed among Chinese Internet users. Many of them are willing to blame Apple for the whole situation, not Foxconn. Others believe that the authorities do too little to enforce applicable laws. Some commentators have noticed that in places like "iPhone City" the "996" work system is the norm, that is, work from 09:00 – 21:00 for 6 days a week.

Apple admitted that the number of temporary employees actually "exceeded the standards," but rejected other allegations. In a statement issued after the report was published, the iPhone manufacturer wrote that overtime was voluntary and they were probably additionally rewarded. An investigation is ongoing. | CHIP

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